Forest Bathing - Discover the Power of Shinrin-yoku

By Eugenia Yordán, Natural resources technician. November 30, 2023
Forest Bathing - Discover the Power of Shinrin-yoku

Forest bathing, also known as shinrin-yoku in Japanese, is the practice of immersing oneself in the forest atmosphere to promote health and well-being. It involves slowly and mindfully walking through a forest, using all five senses to connect with the natural world. Forest bathing is not a new concept; it has been practiced in Japan for centuries, and there is growing scientific evidence to support its benefits.

This article from thedailyECO delves into the concept of forest bathing, also known as shinrin-yoku, exploring its benefits and providing a practical guide to experiencing its restorative effects.

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What is forest bathing or Shinrin-Yoku?

Forest bathing, or shinrin-yoku in Japanese, is the practice of immersing oneself in the forest atmosphere to promote health and well-being. It involves slowly and mindfully walking through a forest, using all five senses to connect with the natural world.

There is a growing body of research that suggests that forest bathing has a number of benefits for health and well-being.

Forest bathing is thought to work by reducing stress hormones and increasing the production of endorphins, the body's natural painkillers. It is also thought to stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for rest and relaxation.

The term "forest bathing" was coined in Japan in the 1980s by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries. The practice is rooted in ancient Japanese traditions that emphasize the spiritual and healing qualities of nature. Shintoism and Buddhism, two of Japan's main religions, both teach that humans are part of nature and that spending time in nature can help us achieve physical, mental, and spiritual well-being.

Forest bathing offers a rejuvenating connection with nature, but have you ever wondered how trees can transform our urban spaces? Our article on the benefits of urban forestry delves into the remarkable ways trees enhance our cities, making them healthier, more livable, and more beautiful.

Forest Bathing - Discover the Power of Shinrin-yoku - What is forest bathing or Shinrin-Yoku?

How to practice forest bathing

The ideal setting for forest bathing is a tranquil forest with an abundance of trees and vegetation. The presence of natural elements like streams, waterfalls, or even dense foliage can enhance the immersive experience. If you live in an urban area, consider seeking out parks, botanical gardens, or arboretums that provide a connection to nature.

Early mornings or late afternoons are often considered the most suitable times for forest bathing. The air tends to be fresher and cleaner during these periods, and the sunlight filtering through the trees creates a serene atmosphere. Additionally, the forest may be less crowded during these times, allowing for a more undisturbed experience.

Forest bathing is about immersing yourself in the natural world, so it's essential to disconnect from technology. Turn off your phone, put away your camera, and resist the urge to check emails or social media. This will allow you to fully engage with your surroundings and reap the benefits of forest bathing.

It is important to note that forest bathing is a multisensory experience, so take the time to engage all five senses.

  • Sight: observe the beauty of the forest around you. Notice the different shades of green, the intricate patterns of leaves, and the sunlight filtering through the trees.

  • Sound: listen to the sounds of nature. Hear the rustling of leaves, the chirping of birds, and the gentle flowing of a stream.

  • Smell: take in the fresh scent of the forest. Inhale the aroma of trees, flowers, and damp earth.

  • Touch: feel the textures of the forest. Touch the rough bark of a tree, the smooth surface of a leaf, or the soft moss underfoot.

  • Taste (optional): if you're in a safe environment, you can enhance your forest bathing experience by tasting the natural flavors of the forest. Sample wild berries, sip on fresh spring water, or nibble on edible leaves.

Remember, forest bathing is a personal journey. Allow yourself to be guided by your senses and immerse yourself in the tranquility of the natural world.

Forest Bathing - Discover the Power of Shinrin-yoku -  How to practice forest bathing

Benefits of forest bathing

Forest bathing has gained significant recognition in recent years for its profound impact on both physical and mental well-being. Numerous studies have delved into the mechanisms underlying its benefits, providing scientific evidence to support its efficacy.

Physical health benefits of forest bathing

  • Immune system boost: immersion in the forest environment has been shown to enhance the activity of natural killer (NK) cells, a crucial component of the immune system responsible for combating infections and preventing cancer.

  • Stress reduction and cortisol levels: forest bathing has demonstrated remarkable ability to reduce stress hormones, particularly cortisol, the primary stress hormone. This reduction in cortisol levels contributes to overall relaxation and improved physical health.

  • Improved cardiovascular health: studies have indicated that forest bathing can positively impact cardiovascular health by lowering blood pressure and heart rate. This effect is attributed to the calming influence of the forest environment on the nervous system.

Mental health benefits of forest bathing

  • Stress and anxiety reduction: forest bathing has proven to be an effective stress reliever, alleviating symptoms of anxiety and promoting mental calmness. The immersive nature of forest bathing facilitates a sense of tranquility and reduces mental strain.

  • Enhanced mood and well-being: forest bathing has been shown to significantly improve mood and promote feelings of well-being. The exposure to phytoncides, volatile organic compounds emitted by trees, has been linked to increased levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with happiness and relaxation.

  • Cognitive benefits and attention restoration: forest bathing has demonstrated cognitive benefits, including enhanced attention, memory, and concentration. The tranquil environment of the forest allows the mind to rest and recover from the demands of daily life, leading to improved cognitive functioning.

Long-term benefits of forest bathing

Research suggests that the benefits of forest bathing extend beyond immediate physiological changes and can have long-lasting effects on physical and mental health. Regular forest bathing practices have been associated with:

  • Reduced risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes

  • Improved sleep quality and overall energy levels

  • Enhanced cognitive function and memory

  • Increased creativity and problem-solving abilities

  • Stronger social connections and reduced social isolation

As you embrace the tranquility of forest bathing, remember that forests come in all shapes and sizes, each with its own unique story to tell. Our article on the different types of forests invites you to explore the fascinating diversity of these essential ecosystems.

Forest Bathing - Discover the Power of Shinrin-yoku - Benefits of forest bathing

Forest bathing and biodiversity conservation

Forest bathing, beyond its profound benefits for human health and well-being, also plays a crucial role in promoting environmental awareness and biodiversity conservation. As individuals immerse themselves in the tranquility of nature, they develop a deeper appreciation for the delicate balance of ecosystems and the importance of protecting the natural world.

Forest bathing fosters a sense of connection with nature, nurturing an understanding of the interconnectedness of all living organisms. By engaging all five senses, individuals develop a heightened awareness of the intricate beauty and fragility of ecosystems. This newfound appreciation for nature translates into a stronger commitment to environmental stewardship and conservation efforts.

Forest bathing, when practiced responsibly, promotes sustainable practices that minimize environmental impact. By encouraging mindful interaction with nature, forest bathing practitioners are more likely to adopt eco-friendly behaviors, such as reducing waste, conserving resources, and respecting wildlife habitats.

Responsible forest bathing practices include:

  • Staying on designated trails to minimize disturbance to vegetation and wildlife.

  • Respecting wildlife by observing from a distance and avoiding feeding or interacting with animals.

  • Proper waste disposal to prevent pollution and protect the natural environment.

  • Supporting local communities by patronizing eco-friendly businesses and contributing to conservation initiatives.

While you're embracing the tranquility of nature, don't forget about the importance of protecting the delicate ecosystems that provide this restorative experience. Learn how you can contribute to preserving the balance of the natural world in this other article.

If you want to read similar articles to Forest Bathing - Discover the Power of Shinrin-yoku, we recommend you visit our Environmental health category.

  • Argentina Forestry. 2022. Forest bathing. The benefits of connecting with nature and its ecosystem for the health of people, society and the environment. Available at: -health-of-people-society-and-the-environment/
  • Kimelman T. Forest Bathing . Available at:
  • Ventura A. 2021. Forest bathing, the new hit of tourism . Available at:

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