Indoor plants

Types of Philodendron With Pictures

Ulla Rothschuh Osorio
By Ulla Rothschuh Osorio, Biologist. June 12, 2024
Types of Philodendron With Pictures

The genus Philodendron incorporates a variety of flowering plants which all share certain characteristics. While all are native to tropical regions and have aerial roots, all philodendron types are perhaps best known for their large, heart-shaped leaves. These glossy green leaves do vary according to species and there are some important differences which help us to distinguish between the various philodendron species. One of the most significant is that many philodendrons are climbers with vining behaviors.

We learn more with thedailyECO by discovering 30 types of philodendron with pictures. These philodendron varieties include the pink princess philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess’), black gold philodendron (Philodendron melanochrysum), blushing philodendron (Philodendron erubescens), glorious philodendron (Philodendron gloriosum), heartleaf philondendron (Philodendron hederaceum), lemon lime philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime’), black cardinal philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Black Cardinal’), philodendron mini (Philodendron scandens mini), moonlight philodendron, and red bristle philodendron (Philodendron squamiferum).

You may also be interested in: Types of Carnivorous Plants
  1. Pink princess philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess’)
  2. Black gold philodendron (Philodendron melanochrysum)
  3. Blushing philodendron (Philodendron erubescens)
  4. Glorious philodendron (Philodendron gloriosum)
  5. Heartleaf philondendron (Philodendron hederaceum)
  6. Lemon lime philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime’)
  7. Black cardinal philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Black Cardinal’)
  8. Philodendron mini (Philodendron scandens mini)
  9. Moonlight philodendron
  10. Red bristle philodendron (Philodendron squamiferum)
  11. Other types of philodendron
See more >>

Pink princess philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess’)

It is a hybrid of Philodendron erubescens, otherwise known as the blushing philodendron or red-leaf philodendron. This type of philodendron species is known for the variegation in its leaves, meaning they shows a change in color. In this case, the intense green of its leaves has changed to various shades of pink. It is easy to care for, but since it is a plant that has become fashionable, it is somewhat difficult to obtain and its prices are usually high.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Pink princess philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess’)

Black gold philodendron (Philodendron melanochrysum)

Also known as the velvet leaf philodendron, the black gold philodendron has a velvety shine on its long heart-shaped leaves. You can even see this textural difference in the picture below by comparing the front and back sides of these leaves, often measuring up to 12" (30 cm) long and sometimes more. It is advisable to cover its roots with some sand and moss so that they retain moisture. It is also recommended that we prune any flowers that do not contribute much to its aesthetic value.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Black gold philodendron (Philodendron melanochrysum)

Blushing philodendron (Philodendron erubescens)

We have already seen the Pink Princess philodendron variety, but the main species from which it has been hybridized is also a beautiful type of philodendron in its own right. The charm of the blushing philodendron plant is found in its unique leaves that show an individual pattern, framed by its white spots and stripes. As you can see in the picture, no leaf looks like another, so it becomes a point of attention in interior decoration.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Blushing philodendron (Philodendron erubescens)

Glorious philodendron (Philodendron gloriosum)

The glorious philodendron is one of the most appreciated for its beauty and elegance. Its heart-shaped leaves are velutinous, a word used in botany to describe the feel of the soft, velvety hairs which give this beautiful type of philodendron its texture. It can be planted in a pot or a hanging basket, but it is also known as a type of climbing plant.

This golden philodendron requires sufficient water during all seasons of the year, since it does not usually hibernate. It can be watered three times a week, spraying its stems and leaves in the process. It cannot be waterlogged as it will cause its leaves to burn. Watering is best carried out in the morning and we can wait until the topsoil is dry if we like. The light it receives must be indirect and filtered, but provided daily.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Glorious philodendron (Philodendron gloriosum)

Heartleaf philondendron (Philodendron hederaceum)

As we can see in the picture below, the heartleaf philodendron has a special feature of showing leaves that appear as if they were hand painted with watercolors. Each leaf is unique and different from all the others. Like all philodendrons, it can be toxic to pets, so it is recommended to keep them away from the plant.

It is recommended to apply a little liquid fertilizer every two weeks to the heartleaf philodendron, cleaning the leaves when finished so that the residue does not cause burning. It is mainly used in hanging pots, from which both leaves and roots will hang from the sides. It stays well at a temperature between 59 and 95ºF (15 and 35ºC).

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Heartleaf philondendron (Philodendron hederaceum)

Lemon lime philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime’)

One of the hybrid heartleaf philodendron varieties, the lemon lime is very attractive due to its light greenish yellow color which almost appears neon in its vibrancy. It requires bright indirect light or semi-shade. The more light it receives, the brighter its color will be. It requires a substrate that allows water to escape and which can be enriched with worm castings. Humidity should be medium to high. It can be planted in a hanging pot or in one next to the wall so that it climbs. In both cases it is good to assign a tuteur for support which will also make its leaves a little smaller.

Learn about how to make your own worm castings at home with our related guide.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Lemon lime philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Lemon Lime’)

Black cardinal philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Black Cardinal’)

Another variety of the blushing philodendron, the black cardinal philodendron has elegant leaves which start out burgundy red, but which then turn dark bronze, then a tone which is almost black and then deep green. The process of this color change can differ from plant to plant. You can see leaves in different stages in the picture below.

If the leaves of the black cardinal look droopy, they are a sign of too much or too little water. To confirm which case it is, insert your finger into the soil. If it is wet it is excess water, otherwise it must be irrigated better. If one leaf turns yellow, it is a sign of age, but if several are yellowing at the same time, it may be excess light. On the contrary, if the stems are growing very long and there are large spaces between leaves, it lacks light.

Learn more about problems affecting a similar type of plant with our article explaining why monstera leaves are turning yellow.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Black cardinal philodendron (Philodendron erubescens ‘Black Cardinal’)

Philodendron mini (Philodendron scandens mini)

It is a very resistant plant that grows well in small pots. It can be about ten centimeters tall and its leaves measure between two and three centimeters. It generally does not tolerate the cold well. It can be watered every two days in summer and every three days in autumn and winter. Rainwater falls very well on them, so we have to collect it to water our pot.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Philodendron mini (Philodendron scandens mini)

Moonlight philodendron

A hybrid of various philodendron species, the moonlight philodendron plant has two special characteristics. Its leaves are a shade of silvery green that makes it look great, and instead of climbing or crawling, it forms small bushes in the shape of bouquets. It reproduces through cuttings, which must be taken from the birth of a leaf, and is preferably planted in spring.

Learn about how to care for and reproduce another plant with our article on portulaca plant care and propagation.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Moonlight philodendron

Red bristle philodendron (Philodendron squamiferum)

Also known as the hairy philodendron, the red bristle philodendron is so called due to it characteristic red hairs on its stems. It is one of the tallest types of philodendron, as it can reach impressive heights inside a house. Although it is slow growing, continuous pruning is recommended to not let it grow until it is difficult to control. It requires continuous filtered light. It is a plant that prefers to be dry to humid, so it is recommended to water it with very little water, every three or four days.

Types of Philodendron With Pictures - Red bristle philodendron (Philodendron squamiferum)

Other types of philodendron

In addition to the types of philodendron with pictures we have shared above, here are some more species and cultivars you may want to consider for your home and garden:

  • Silver leaf philodendron (Philodendron brandtianum)
  • Horsehead philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)
  • Selloum philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)
  • Congo philodendron (Philodendron 'Congo Rojo')
  • Xanadu philodendron (Philodendron xanadu)
  • Split-leaf philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)
  • Narrow-leaf philodendron (Philodendron hastatum)
  • Pacová (Philodendron martianum)
  • Mayo's philodendron (Philodendron mayoii)
  • Balaoan philodendron (Philodendron balaoanum)
  • Giant philodendron (Philodendron maximum)
  • Little spot's philodendron (Philodendron microstictum)
  • Banana leaf philodendron (Philodendron musifolium)
  • Chimbo philodedndron (Philodendron chimboanum)
  • Jungle philodendron (Philodendron ornatum)
  • Thick-stem philodendron (Philodendron pachycaule)
  • Fiddleleaf philodedndron (Philodendron panduriforme)
  • Silver sword philodendron (Philodendron hastatum)
  • Riparium philodendron (Philodendron riparium)
  • Rugose philodendron (Philodendron rugosum)

For those of you wanting to know about other plants which might work in a filtered-light environment, check out our article on the best partial-shade plants.

If you want to read similar articles to Types of Philodendron With Pictures, we recommend you visit our Indoor plants category.

  • Philodendron. (n.d.). (np): Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
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Types of Philodendron With Pictures